If you have questions about Short Courses send e-mail to email@example.com
Two half day and three full day short courses are being offered on Monday February 5, 2018.
Introduction to Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Integration with River Restoration
Instructors: Ryan Richardson MS, Fluvial Geomorphologist, River Design Group; Tobin Stegman MS, Eco-Hydrologist, CBEC Engineering
This course will provide a basic introduction to river restoration professionals to UAS technology in the riverine environment. Drones have dramatically changed the way river scientists can collect high-resolution topography and orthophotos. Application of these technologies to river restoration projects allow for faster field data collection at a resolution previously unattainable through LiDAR and aircraft/satellite based imagery. Students will take real data set collected from a river restoration project and get hands on experience learning how to process UAS data to create 3D surfaces and high resolution orthophotos. More advanced applications including geomorphic change detection, bathymetric mapping, hydraulic modeling, and multispectral analysis will be showcased through case studies of recent river restoration projects. Join us to learn how to incorporate drones into your next project!
Provide a basic introduction to river restoration professionals in the commercial application of UAS technology in the riverine environment. The hands-on learning component will allow for students to become comfortable using Agisoft Photoscan to create point clouds, orthophotos and 3D models of restoration sites.
Material to be covered:
Introduction: Brief introduction into the instructor and how they became involved in UAS and river restoration. Showcase how UAS has improved data collection and analysis for river restoration.
Introduction to UAS Basics: Provide students with basic information of UAS technologies including the following: Different types of UAS, Parts of UAS, Basics in Flight Planning.
UAS Rules and Regulation: Provide the students with the most up to date information of the rules and regulations of operating a UAS commercially. Upon completion students will know additional resources to begin studying to prepare for the FAA Remote Pilot in Command Exam.
Structure from Motion Background: This segment will cover the fundamentals of how pictures taken with UAS can be used to create 3D surfaces. The presenter will walk students through an example project from the Upper Blackfoot Mining Complex Dam Removal highlighting the steps along the way.
Lab Exercise: Students will get a hands-on experience to use a data set from a river restoration project to create a 3D model and learn how to use Agisoft Photoscan, one of the main software used in the industry. A set by step tutorial will be provided to each student and the instructor will walk through the steps on the projector to guide students. Upon completion students will be able to navigate the basics of the software and understand how to create point clouds, DEMs, and orthophotos.
Wrap-up: Time to transition students and have a segment for last questions and next steps. If time permits this segment will showcase more advanced uses on the models the students have created including, flow models, habitat classification, grain size extraction, geomorphic change detection, and bathymetric capabilities.
Target Audience and Recommended Prerequisites:
River restoration professionals, river/wetland scientists, UAS operators. General understanding of fluvial geomorphology and GIS recommended but not required.
Ryan Richardson MS:
Ryan is a Fluvial Geomorphologist with River Design Group (RDG) out of Whitefish, MT. He has nine years of experience working with rivers and using drones for the past three years. At RDG Ryan manages UAS operations in Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming with over 50 completed projects utilizing drones. Prior to joining the team at RDG, Ryan worked as a researcher in the Fluvial Remote Sensing Laboratory where he and his colleagues developed new techniques and methods for mapping geomorphic and ecological characteristics of rivers in conjunction with a handful of river restoration/engineering projects. It was out of these experiences that Ryan knew that a career in river restoration would allow him to have a meaningful impact on an entire industry by pioneering many of these techniques in their first commercial application. When Ryan isn’t working on a restoration project he can still be found on the river in a kayak or a drift boat depending on the flows.
Tobin (Toby) Stegman MS:
Toby has over five years of experience working in the water resources field, and four years of experience working with Unmanned Aerial Systems. He has a master’s degree from the University of Wyoming focusing on fluvial geomorphology and remote sensing, and an undergraduate degree from the University of Vermont in environmental geology. His thesis research used new photogrammetric methods (Structure-from-Motion) for monitoring a stream restoration project in Eastern Idaho.
Toby is a FAA licensed commercial drone pilot and has conducted numerous UAV mapping missions to support stream restoration projects, planning, implementation, and monitoring. He is currently managing the remote-controlled survey and monitoring program for cbec eco-engineers, based in West Sacramento, California. Toby has also presented UAV related research at several academic conferences across the country. He looks forward to sharing his knowledge and experience with others about the exciting tools UAV’s offer river practitioners.
Speaking of Science – stepping out of the stereotype
Instructor: Janine Castro, Geomorphologist, US Fish and Wildlife Service and NOAA Fisheries
Scientists and engineers should not be condemned to dry, monotonous, and uninspired presentations, because science is not boring, and restoration should never be boring. Be daring and step out of the stereotype! Do you want to improve your public speaking skills? Join me to learn a few simple techniques to dramatically improve your delivery. You will leave the workshop armed with useful skills to develop and deliver inspired presentations. Whether you are a seasoned speaker or a relative novice, this course is for you.
Course Objectives: If you would like to improve your public speaking skills, please join me for a half-day session on making your presentation interesting and effective, while also reducing your stress and actually enjoying the experience. Participants will leave the workshop with a greater skill set, including a comprehensive checklist, to develop and deliver presentations. Participants will also have the option to practice a presentation in class. The workshop is highly interactive and builds on the collective experience of the audience and the instructor.
Material to be covered:
• PLAN (months to weeks in advance)
• RESEARCH topic, audience, venue, organization, SIZE, LENGTH
• Plan BEFORE PowerPoint
• DESIGN (months to weeks in advance)
• Write an OUTLINE
• Title – short and memorable
• Main points
• Final Sentence
• Prepare your audiovisuals – lose the jargon
• PRACTICE (weeks to days in advance)
• Memorize your visuals, main points, final sentence
• Practice out load – to an audience if possible
• PREPARE (days to hours in advance)
• STOP working on PowerPoint
• Sleep and hydrate
• Wear something that is “quiet” and comfortable
• Find your moderator
• Tour the room – lights, sound, computer, timer, pointers, remote
• Audio & Visual – no name tag, no keys in your pocket, no clicking pens
• Tone and volume – the verbal strobe light
• Inflection – avoid monotone
• Pace – slow down
• Pauses – the dramatic effect
• The Black Screen – or the “visual pause”
• BODY LANGUAGE and eye contact
• Props – books, cups, glasses, example materials, phone calls
Target Audience and Recommended Prerequisites:
Everyone…especially if you will be speaking at RRNW
Suggested Reading: http://www.fws.gov/oregonfwo/ToolsForLandowners/RiverScience/SciCommunication.asp
Janine Castro, Geomorphologist, US Fish and Wildlife Service and NOAA Fisheries
Janine Castro is a geomorphologist for the US Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service in Portland, Oregon. Her areas of responsibility include: stream restoration and management; dam removal and relicensing; regional, national, and international training; and negotiation of controversial and complex stream-related issues, such as instream gravel mining, navigation, and energy transmission lines. Janine has worked for the Fish and Wildlife Service for 17 years and spent the preceding 10 years working for the Natural Resources Conservation Service throughout the western United States.
After spending many years organizing and attending scientific conferences, she decided that we, as scientists, need to become better presenters … better communicators. Janine’s academic background is in Geology and Geography, not Communications, so she comes from a “trial by fire” perspective – learning communication skills on the job.
Janine is a founding (now retired) board member of River Restoration Northwest, co-founder of Science Talk, a new non-profit organization dedicated to improving science communication, adjunct faculty at Portland State University, and a course facilitator in the PSU River Restoration Professional Certificate Program.
Lessons from Monitoring: How do we apply data to restoration design and implementation?
Instructors: Jen O’Neal, Natural Systems Design; Jeremy Cram, WDFW; and Andrew Hill, Ecological Research
Starting with a basic understanding of the types of monitoring, including the purpose and objectives of different approaches, we will show how monitoring information can be used to inform restoration prioritization, evaluation, and design. By identifying these linkages, we can utilize spatially explicit tools such as Habitat Suitability Indices, and Geomorphic Change Detection, coupled with advances in hydraulic modeling to optimize design scenarios for species and life stage objectives. As part of this course we also discuss the interplay between habitat data, fish use data, and population level data, and the implications of modeling changes in survival or carrying capacity of fish due to restoration actions. Specific watersheds will be used as real life examples of implementation of a multiscale monitoring approach that addresses limiting factors, life stage bottle necks, and physical and biological responses to restoration. An off-site field trip will be used to illustrate specific concepts.
Course objective and anticipated skill transfer: Students will be familiar with the different types of monitoring and what they can and should be used for in terms of goals and objectives. A basic treatment of sample design options will be provided. Students will gain exposure to specific tools that can be used in the evaluation of designs and completed projects to enhance the practice of adaptive management in restoration. Students will apply concepts gained in the class room to a real life scenario during an off-site field trip.
Material to be Covered:
Material to be covered: What is monitoring; types of monitoring (implementation, project effectiveness, watershed effectiveness, status and trends, population level fish monitoring, localized fish monitoring, integration across monitoring scales). We will also touch on barriers to restoration success and implementation across a watershed.
Target Audience and Recommended Prerequisites:
Biologists, engineers, restoration practitioners, those starting monitoring programs, or rewriting recovery plans. No prerequisites.
Recommended pre-symposium reading and/or web site:
aemonitoring.org, champmonitoring.org, monitoringresources.org
Bouwes, N., Bennett, S., & Wheaton, J. (2016). Adapting adaptive management for testing the effectiveness of stream restoration: an intensively monitored watershed example. Fisheries, 41(2), 84-91.
Jen O’Neal has been leading large-scale monitoring efforts in Washington, Oregon, and the Columbia Basin since 2004. She is a Senior Fish Biologist at Natural Systems Design and a member of the Washington Salmon Recovery Funding Board Technical Review Panel. Jen also serves as the principal investigator for the Multiple Before-After-Control-Impact Study for the Bonneville Power Administration’s Action Effectiveness Monitoring Program across the Columbia Basin. Her recent publications include an examination of long-term programmatic monitoring in Washington and Oregon, and the Salmonid Field Protocols Handbook.
Jeremy Cram is a Research Scientist for Washington Department for Fish and Wildlife. Jeremy is currently involved with population-scale monitoring of ESA-listed salmonid populations as well as finer scale evaluations of habitat use and project effectiveness. His work using PIT tags and other methods to inform life cycle model development has helped identify limiting life stages (population bottlenecks) for several species of salmonids in the Columbia Basin.
Andrew Hill is a Research Biologist with Eco Logical Research, and the lead field coordinator for the Columbia Habitat Monitoring Program in the Tucannon and Asotin Basins. Andrew has been working to help develop and teach Columbia Habitat Monitoring Program protocols since 2011 and implements status and trend and effectiveness habitat monitoring and analysis in the Tucannon.
River habitat is the focus of this short course because it is the common denominator for all aquatic organisms and every person from a concerned citizen, to a scientist, to a policy manager all understand rivers at this most basic level. It is the most fundamental basic attribute of a river. All organisms need an array of aquatic habitat to survive and many anadromous species require types of aquatic habitat that are broadly distributed spatially to satisfy various life-cycle stages (e.g. spawning habitat, juvenile rearing habitat). However, quantifying how much aquatic habitat exists in a river, where it is located relative to other key habitats (e.g. shallow waters, backwaters, spring brooks, riparian cover) and how it changes as a function of flow regulation and climate change is the major unknown component for river restoration. In this short course we will begin with river ecology theory to explain structure and function of aquatic habitat and why it is important for understanding rivers. We will follow that with an overview of flow and flow modeling and how those tools are used to estimate habitat parameters and then explain new advances in hydro-acoustic river mapping that allow direct empirical measurement of aquatic habitat from the site scale to the river corridor scale. We will wrap up the course with a discussion of climate change and river flow as related to aquatic habitat. This course will strive to explain and link these topics through a balanced approach that begins with non-technical explanations coupled to state of the art descriptions of current science and technology. Understanding rivers begins with understanding river habitat. Hence, our quest to know is centered around understanding rivers as a continuum shifting mosaic of habitat.
The overarching objective is for participants from diverse backgrounds and perspectives to gain a deeper understanding of rivers through learning and sharing knowledge with the anticipated skill transfer simply becoming more informed on how to assess the total abundance and spatial distribution of aquatic habitat from the site level to the river corridor scale. The goal is to satisfy that objective through an integrated four-pronged approach: (1) a review of contemporary ecological theory of rivers and why river habitat is the key element to understanding river restoration (2) a review of quantitative approaches to understanding the flow of water in rivers and how to measure it (3) a review of flow modeling and expanding estimates of aquatic habitat (4) an introduction to new advances in hydro-acoustic mapping of river habitat using Acoustic Doppler Profilers (ADP’s). We will summarize the class with a review of predicted change in flow for the Pacific Northwest rivers due to climate change and how that relates to what we learned. We expect the course to be more of a directed discussion with participants equally or more versed in many topics as the panel. Hence, a participant with local or traditional knowledge of aquatic habitat can inform the river theorists or modeler with equal value and vice versa. We are proposing this short course on an extremely broad topic of rivers and expect to exchange an equally broad knowledge and information between participants and panel members. Hence, the anticipated skill transfer is to invigorate the quest to understand rivers from a broad systems ecology lens and thereby advance river restoration practice along a more holistic path.
Materials to be Covered:
River Theory (Drs. Lorang and Hauer)
Understanding ecological theories about rivers is extremely important yet perhaps the least commonly known or applied aspect of rivers when decisions are being made regarding how to manage, conserve and restore our rivers and streams. We believe that river theories should provide the guiding template for the broad range of professionals working in the field of river restoration. Our goal is to present a general overview of, and the links between, contemporary ecological and physical based theories and how that relates to the structure and function of aquatic habitat.
River Flow and Introduction to Flow Modeling (Dr. Klingeman)
Basic measures of water stage, depth, width, and velocity are discussed and related to derived measures such as water discharge, boundary shear stress and sediment transport. A historical perspective on river flow, how it has been approached and measured over the past 50 years and how methods have evolved will be presented. Conventional equipment, data collection methods, and data processing techniques will be reviewed. The underlying approach of making flow analyses from discrete points at predetermined river cross-sectional transects is considered in terms of potential limitations in data collection. Key questions about river flows will be discussed as will the physical data required to address those questions using founding principles and basic requirements for river analysis. Channel patterns and related river flow, including secondary currents and the effect of water stage on these patterns, will be discussed. How these fundamental principles relate to computational flow modeling and the view of the river from the traditional transect approach will be explained to set the foundation for habitat assessment modeling.
River Modeling and Habitat Assessment (Dr. Miller)
How river flow and modeling of flow is linked to habitat assessment will be the overall theme of this presentation. Flow models discussed include Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM), Hydraulic habitat Simulation: Physical Habitat Simulation (PHABSIM), including the Hydrologic Engineering Center River Analysis System (HEC-RAS) and Flow2D and SRH2D modeling platforms. An overview of what habitat means for an array of organisms will be presented in the context of habitat suitability, instream flow needs and the use of flow models to assess total abundance of habitat. Data needs for riverine habitat models will be presented, including how data is collected and incorporated into the model. These models are intended to quantify aquatic habitat per unit length of stream by linking river flow with habitat suitability through development of a weighted usable area index. An overview of the System for Environmental Flow Analysis (SEFA) will also be presented in keeping with our systems theme.
River Mapping and Habitat Assessment (Dr. Lorang)
Newer types of instrumentation are available that allow data to be collected in the direction of flow rather than from fixed platforms. This removes the limitation of using only predetermined transects thereby expanding the data collection possibilities. Equipment and methods for such data collection are discussed and demonstrated. Those river data are then “fused” with airborne LiDAR data and floodplain imagery to define complex channel bathymetry coupled to the 3D velocity flow field. This may be accomplished at scales ranging from a few kilometers to 100’s of kilometers which coincides with the life-cycle requirements for many species of fish.
These newer approaches based on a “Lagrangian” description of the flow field (allowing movement through space with the flow) provide an important distinction with the more-conventional “Eulerian” description of the flow field (relying on fixed locations in space). The two approaches may be reconciled by use of a “slices” process which allows Lagrangian data to be presented in conventional transect formats.
Illustrations of high-resolution river mapping will be presented based on work spanning several hundred miles of the Missouri and Kootenia Rivers in Montana.
Climate Change and Future River Flow (Dr. Nijssen) Science has clearly demonstrated that our climate is rapidly changing. However, how climate change will impact our rivers is not clear beyond the understanding that flows will change. We will present general predictions for changing flow in Pacific Northwest rivers and how those predictions are determined. This will set the stage for discussion with our panel and the class participants on how we can couple river modeling and river mapping to best assess habitat assessment to better understand expected changes to fish and humans within the context of our current theories and hypothesis of river ecology. The overarching theme of the discussion will be what all this might mean for river restoration moving into the future.
Target Audience and Recommended Prerequisites:
This course is geared for a broad range of people who simply want to learn as much as possible about the many aspects of rivers and how that knowledge can help preserve healthy river systems as well as restore impaired rivers. Therefore, this course is intended to reach out to concerned citizens, fishing guides, river managers, environmental lawyers, natural resource economists-sociologists, aquatic ecologists, fluvial geomorphologist, hydrologists, and hydraulic engineers.
Dr. Lorang did his graduate work at Oregon State University in Oceanography with a focus on flow hydraulics and sediment transport on beaches and in rivers. Dr. Peter Klingeman was his major professor. Mark did his post doc at USC on boat wake erosion, then taught at the University of Oregon before settling in at the University of Montana’s Flathead Lake Biological Station. His role as a research professor for the past 17 years at FLBS was providing the physical template for ecological work on rivers and lakes. During this time, Dr. Lorang pioneered the use of acoustic doppler profilers and remote sensing as applied to mapping aquatic habitat in rivers. He also worked with his colleagues at the University of Montana to develop a new graduate program in Systems Ecology. He retired from the University in May of 2016 and formed the company Freshwater Map with the goal of expanding these techniques to river restoration and optimizing environmental flow regulation.
Dr. Klingeman was on the faculty in Civil Engineering at Oregon State University from 1966-2002. At OSU he taught a variety of technical courses and conducted a broad range of research with emphasis on gravel-bed rivers like the Willamette and sediment transport in these rivers. His work as a civil engineer emphasizes bridging the gaps between river ecology, fluvial geomorphology and river engineering. Now retired, he continues to develop and team-teach short courses on river processes and stream restoration. He is one of the founders of River Restoration Northwest and served as treasurer for the organization until 2016.
Dr. Hauer is currently the Director of the University of Montana’s Center for Integrated Research on the Environment (CIRE). Dr. Hauer joined UM in 1986 and since 2001 has held the chaired position of Professor of Limnology at Flathead Lake Biological Station. Since 2009 he has guided the development of the new PhD program in Systems Ecology and served for two years as the Program Director. His research interests encompass the fields of stream and wetland ecology. By the nature of its scope, aquatic ecology spans a broad array of sub-disciplines such as geomorphology, hydrology, nutrient cycling, bioenergetics, energy flow through food webs, and population and community ecology. The continuing goal of his research is a synthesis of these many areas of organismal biology and ecology and their application toward holistic understanding of stream and wetland environments. Dr. Hauer is co-editor of the text book “Methods in Stream Ecology”.
Dr. Miller is the president and senior aquatic ecologist of Miller Ecological Consultants, Inc. and has over 37 years of experience in instream flow assessments with extensive experience in the Instream Flow Incremental Method (IFIM) using 1D and 2D hydraulic models. He is a former member of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Instream Flow Group that developed the IFIM approach and has conducted many IFIM and PHABSIM studies and taught courses on both. He has a wealth of experience using a variety of flow models to assess aquatic habitat. Through his 3 decades of ecological consulting work he has specialized in aquatic ecosystem assessments, macroinvertebrates, fisheries, threatened and endangered species, instream flow analysis, stream water temperature modeling, ecological modeling and biomonitoring for both public and private sector entities.
Dr. Nijssen is a research professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Washington (UW) where he heads up the UW Computational Hydrology group. After completing his Ph.D. at UW in 2000 he worked at the University of Arizona and in the private sector before returning to UW in 2011. His research group builds tools to simulate and investigate the hydrological cycle and uses these tools for a wide range of hydrological research projects. He and his group investigate the effects of climate change on the hydrologic cycle, perform near real-time monitoring and forecasting studies for drought and streamflow, and simulate the interactions between the various components of the climate system in coupled regional climate models. Dr. Nijssen was an invited speaker at the 2016 RRNW conference giving a talk on climate change modeling and predicted flows in Pacific Northwest rivers.